Health

Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric surgery refers to the types of surgeries that assist with weight loss by altering the digestive system. These surgeries are aimed for helping the obese, and the morbidly obese people lose weight, after other weight loss attempts like dieting and exercise have failed.

People undergo bariatric surgeries not just for slimming down, but also due to the health risks posed by obesity. From chronic disease to impaired mental health, the implications of obesity are indeed grave.

Moreover, obese people also suffer from social problems, as they tend to be ostracized by the society. They also have special needs in terms of logistics, thereby making life even more hard for them. All these facets contribute towards the need for surgical solution.

Types of Bariatric surgeries

Different surgeries target different facets of the digestive system. Your General Surgeon in Lahore can help you choose from the following major types of surgeries:

Duodenal Switch: DS involves first making a tube-like pouch from the stomach and using it to bypass a part of the small intestines. The aim of this surgery is to reduce the amount of food that stomach can hold and also promote satiety.

However, since nutrient absorption is carried majorly in the small intestine, bypassing it leads to malnutrition.

Gastric Band: This surgery involves tying a band around the top of the stomach, creating a small pouch at the top half. This allows for the stomach to get filled quickly, and thus encourages satiety.

Gastric Bypass:The most performed bariatric surgery is the gastric bypass. It involves firstlydividing the stomach into two halves. Small intestines are also divided into two. Then, the smaller top pouch of the stomach is connected to the latter half of the small intestines, allowing for lesser food intake, and also lesser nutrient absorption.

Sleeve Gastrectomy:This surgery involves removal of around 80% of the stomach. The resultant pouch holds lesser food. This surgery also reduces the production of hormones responsible for appetite. So, people feel less hungry.

Benefits of Bariatric Surgery

Type 2 diabetes: Obesity a risk factor for diabetes andsurgery mitigates this risks. For people already diagnosed with diabetes, bariatric surgery allows them to stay free of dependence on insulin and other medication for at least a couple of years post-surgery.

Better cardiovascular health:Weight loss allows for the burden to go off from the heart, as obesity overtaxes the heart. It also decreases of risk of cardiovascular diseases like CHD, stroke, hypertension etc. Moreover, surgery also decreases the probability of death due to heart disease.

Improved sleep:Obese people have higher risk of sleep apnea, a disorder causing one to stop breathing during sleep. Lack of quality shuteye also poses danger of physical and mental ailments. Weight loss thus allows for the improvement of symptoms of sleep apnea.

Alleviates joints pain:Excess weight takes a toll on the joints, which is why obese people tend to suffer from aches in their joints and problems like osteoporosis. Surgery then allows for the release of this stress on the joints.

Reduced risks of illnesses:Since obesity increases risk for multiple problems like fatty liver, metabolic syndrome, gallbladder disease etc., surgery-related weight loss helps in reducing these risk factors.

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Risks of Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric surgery is an invasive procedure, and thus comes with a lot of risks. The procedural complications include blood loss, infection, formation of blood clots. Some people may react to the anesthesia. Breathing problems, chronic nausea and vomiting, acid reflux are some other risks.

In the long term, bariatric surgery can lead to malnutrition, bowel obstruction, hernias, ulcers, gallstones and very rarely, death. Thus, it is imperative that you consider the merits and demerits of the procedure with your General Surgeon in Islamabad.

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