How Does Endometriosis Affect Fertility? 

Endometriosis is a disease where tissue similar to the uterus lining starts growing in other places such as in the ovaries or fallopian tubes.

It can affect women at any age.

Women who have endometriosis observe pain in the lower abdomen or back, worsening over time. Pain after or during intercourse or pain while peeing and difficulty to conceive are common symptoms of endometriosis. 

Many theories believe that this disease will tend to run in families. In some cases, the extra endometrial tissue is shed during the regular phase of bleeding, while in some cases, this extra tissue is left behind, causing severe complications and discomfort. A New York endometriosis specialist can help you guide you through the treatment. 

Effects of endometriosis on fertility. 

  • Blocking the release of an egg from the ovaries: The growth of endometrial tissue on the ovaries makes it difficult for the fimbriae to catch the egg from the ovaries. So the egg is unable to reach the fertilization site. 
  • Blocking the fallopian tubes: When endometrial tissue grows in the fallopian tube, the egg that comes inside the tube cannot pass through the extra tissue and blocks the sperm from fertilizing the egg. 
  • Impairment of the fallopian tube: this is the same as a block in the fallopian tube. It leads to infertility in women by the growth of the tissue inside the fallopian tube. In some cases, the embryo is unable to travel to the uterus and get implanted. 
  • Hormonal imbalance: Women who have endometriosis have high levels of estrogen, which inhibit the release of LH and FSH, as high levels of estrogen in the body signals the brain to reduce the secretion of FSH ( follicle-stimulating hormone) and LH (luteinizing hormone) by a negative feedback mechanism. 

How does Endometriosis affect the pregnancy and the baby? 

Most women who have Endometriosis have a complicated pregnancy and require special monitoring in fertility clinic. There are some chances of bleeding towards the end of the pregnancy and increased blood pressure. 

In such cases where the hormonal rush is very high, symptoms of endometriosis can improve, but after pregnancy, these come back. 

The baby can be delivered earlier than usual in the case of female suffering from endometriosis. In this case, a baby is premature and requires special care. 

If you have endometriosis, it is wise to consider a doctor before trying to get pregnant, as the location of extra tissue can complicate your pregnancy. Also, a specialist may assist you in proceeding with a pregnancy. 

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